If you are in the house / building when the earthquake begins :
” Fall down , cover up and take it.” Generally shown to bed , hands covering his head , next to a larger object and durable that when the walls fall around you, can produce ” triangle of life ” ie the space in which you can survive the disaster.
If such an object does not exist when your lying next to an interior wall as close to an exit or exterior walls but not too close to the windows.
Do not try to leave the building during the earthquake
If you are in an area populated with tall buildings close to each other is better to stay at home , unless you started fires or gas smell .
If you leave the building to watch the pieces of glass , steel , etc. , which in such cases, fall from heights and make victims before they have seen them fall. Such pieces do not fall directly they can always worn distances by air / wind.
If you catch earthquake in bed rastogoliti you out of bed and stay near him (not under it ) lying on the floor with his head covered hands and a pillow if you have at hand .
Do not use elevators for evacuation
Do not go to the stairs buildings during the earthquake
If you are in a wheelchair wheel lock seat and cover your head .
If you are outside when an earthquake begins :
Try to get into an open space where there are no buildings, electricity pylons and trees
If you drive a vehicle , pull over and stop : try not to stop near tall buildings , poles and trees.
If you are on a beach, leave the beach and try to get a high place as : earthquakes can produce high waves / tsunami
Immediately after the earthquake
Be careful of gas leaks on small fires if they broke and exposed electrical wiring
Try to put out the fire extinguisher handy if
Check if you are injured around you : Who can help but without moving them from place unless they are at immediate risk
Close gas pipelines
Check that the phone line works: check if your mobile phone has signal
If it is appropriate , and if you feel like you’re outside the home in greater safety than in the house, in case of aftershocks , then parseste not home before disconnecting utilities and not before taking emergency kit prepared in advance to you.
If you are trapped under rubble
Try to move as little as possible
If possible try to cover your mouth and nose ( airway ) oo with a handkerchief or piece of a piece of clothing.
If possible beating wall or a pipe : a whistle if you use it : Do not scream : Save your strength and do not panic: control your breathing rhythm , the chances of being saved are the maximum and fail to grow with as control your own fears and breathing rhythm .
A controlled breathing rhythm will prevent drying of the airways.
Try to stay awake to hear what is happening around you and to come into contact with rescue teams who will need your help ( with vocal contact ) to reach you as quickly as possible .
If you have a flashlight , do not use only when needed : your eyes will see better in the dark ( not absolute ) after they are used to it .
Safety in the home
The objects in the house during an earthquake can be injured or destroyed. Simple preventive measures can prevent such situations. Start by inspecting each room and through to identify those objects that can hurt you or you can block escape routes in case of emergency : cabinets and libraries are the largest objects in the house that can resturna earthquake and cause damage , injury and can block access roads : ancoratile wall : just proceed with mirrors and paintings hung on the walls .
Thence following measures are recommended :
Installed in each room each smoke detector batteries: change batteries every 6 months
Remove bedding window
Do not hang mirrors and paintings on the walls are placed near sofas, armchairs and chairs .
Always keep walkways clear and no pieces of furniture that can block in case of earthquake
Library cabinets and wardrobes , put the heaviest items on lower shelves
Buy and keep a fire extinguisher handy : learning to put it into operation
Anchor water heater and use flexible connections for gas pipeline
Do not store in the same place and flammable chemicals (such as detergents ) which can react in case of spillage
If you have installed the windows, bumper , make sure that they can be removed in case of emergency
Make sure the street name and house number in which you live are visible to rescuers who will intervene in case of emergency.
It is an essential component evacuation equipment : Prepare one kit for each family member and one to have in the car and one more to have it handy at work .
Laterna with dynamo
Laterna reserve battery + battery
Radio with Dynamo
Brigeag multi- functional
Plastic dimension 2m x 2m
Writing paper, pen
List of hospitals , police stations in the vicinity
A set of house keys and a set of car keys / s
A box of matches infsurata in an airtight in plastic
Two liters of water per person
Chocolate bars and cereals and four cans of tuna in water for each person .
A change of clothes ( comfortable and tailored season ) per person
amount of money in cash
Chips for public telephones